Yeast, bacterial and fungal infections are more common when blood sugar levels are high.
All of these infections can occur on or beneath the skin. While most are not serious, they can lead to unpleasant symptoms. They may also damage the skin and open the door to major infections.
With good self-care, you can prevent many skin infections.
- Keep your blood sugars under good control. Aim for blood sugars of 80 mg/dl-120 mg/dl before meals, and 100 mg/dl-140 mg/dl at bedtime.
- Keep your Hemoglobin A1c at 7% or less (a 3 month average blood sugar test). This prevents dry skin and reduces the chance of infection.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Drink at least 8 glasses water or other non-caffeinated fluids daily.
- Bathe or shower on a regular basis. Use warm water and mild soap to keep the skin clean.
- Use a lotion to keep skin from getting too dry. Don't use lotion in areas that tend to get moist (like in skin folds or between the toes).
- Avoid trauma to the skin. Always wear shoes or proper footwear. If you work outdoors, wear gloves or protective clothing to prevent scratches or other injury.
- Use sunscreen to prevent sun damage.
- Check your skin daily for color changes or damage. If you notice any skin infections, inform your doctor. Prompt treatment can keep problems from getting worse.
If you have further questions about skin infections, contact your diabetes healthcare team.
This is the end of Blood Sugar Control, now Continue on to Healthy Diet